Monday, May 25, 2020
MBTI is a self-report questionnaire designed to detect an individual personality type. By taking this questionnaire, someone can be able to understand their gifts, strengths, motivation and potential area of growth. MBTI assessment was developed in 1943 by Katharine cook Briggs and her daughter Isabel Myers. Their inspiration came from ideas of a Swiss psychiatrist named Carl Jung whose theory stated that people are innately different. His terms were people take information differently, see the world differently and make decision differently. According to Katharine cook, there are sixteen personality types base on four dichotomy. The four dichotomy are Extraversion (E) verses introversion (I), this is where people focus their attention in order to get their energy. Extraversion get their energy from outer world of interaction and doing. They act first, reflect and then act further. Introverts energy come from their inner world of thought and reflection. They reflect, act, and reflect more before doing. The second dichotomy is Sensing (S) verses intuition (N); the way you take information in. A sensing person prefer to trust experience and what is real while using common sense. On the other hand, an Intuitive person enjoy surprises at all times, they are flexible and adaptable. The third dichotomy is thinking (T) verses feeling (F), it simply explores how we make decisions. Thinking individuals naturally search for principals and use logic when making decisions. FeelingShow MoreRelatedThe Myers Briggs Type Indicator1413 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIntroduction The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) Ã¢â¬Å"is an introspective self-report questionnaire designed to indicate psychological preferences in how people perceive the world and make decisionsÃ¢â¬ (13). It is one of several personality assessments that is popular among modern mental health experts throughout the world. Currently, it is estimated that the MBTI is Ã¢â¬Å"taken by more than two million people per year and is translated into 16 languages (10). Ã¢â¬Å"The purpose of the Myers-Briggs Type IndicatorRead MoreThe Myers Briggs Type Indicator ( Mbti ) Are Both Personality Assessments Essay1096 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Birkman Method and The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) are both personality assessments. The Birkman Method is based on the theories of Dr. Roger W. Birkman and the work of Dr. Roy B. Mefferd, Jr. and Dr. Timothy G. Sadler. The MBTI is based on the theories of Dr. Carl Gustav Jung and the work of Katharine Cook Briggs and Isabel Briggs Myers. Both are no n-clinical assessments. The working manuals for both assessments have recognized and documented, content, construct, criterion-related validitiesRead MoreThe Mbti Assessment963 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesLeadership: The MBTI Assessment The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) is a personality assessment that helps to assess one s psychological preferences based on a psychometric questionnaire. These preferences were extracted from the typological theories proposed by Carl Gustav Jung writings in his book Psychological Types . The MBTI focuses on normal populations and emphasizes the value of naturally occurring differences.  Also recognized commonly as a behavioral assessment tool, the MBTI uses aRead MoreThe Nomothetic Approach in Personality Testing1573 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Nomothetic approach is an approach to personality assessment. The term comes from the Greek word nomos which means law. In an online dictionary homothetic is defined as giving or establishing laws. Look for universal laws of behaviour. It is based on traditional, classical science. In psychology the nomothetic approach focuses on people in general, trying to find regularities or laws between people. The approach was proposed by a German philosopher Wilhelm Windelband in the 19th century.Read MoreMyers Briggs Type Indicator : Instrument Evaluation Essay1228 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageseach year since its first publicationÃ¢â¬ (Myers Briggs Foundation, 2016). This instrument is trusted to identify personality types and measure preferences of an individual based on answers to a questionnaire. The MBTI has many applications and is a respected personality assessment today. History of MBTI Carl Jung was born in 1875 in Switzerland. His parents had very opposite personalities which could have contributed to the theory he later developed (Feist, Feist, Roberts, 2013). Like many psychologistsRead MoreAssessment Tools Essay1622 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesRunning head: ASSESSMENT TOOLS 1 Assessment Tools Paper Liberty University EDUC 307 June 1, 2016 Abstract The beauty in teaching is watching the brains of your scholars grow with knowledge. As educators we frequently use various tools to assess the gains that our scholars make. In order to successfully instruct intentional lessons, it is important to collect data about scholar interests, ability/intellectualRead MoreReasons For Referral And Background Information1689 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesbackground information Reasons for referral The referral of the client was done on the basis of evaluation and assessment by the clinical psychiatrist at the Williamsburg Mental Health Center after the school psychologist discovered that she has undergone some behavioral problems which are symptoms of depression as well as a mental illness (Asendorpf, 2003). The nature of this assessment takes a while since various steps and procedures need to be taken and to conduct various tests and be able to comeRead MoreThe Big Five Personality Traits Essay1987 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesextraversion, agreeableness and neuroticism. Openness to experience refers to elements such as creativity, intelligence, curiosity towards a diversity of interests and experiences (Ko Lin, 2016). Conscientiousness represents volition, dependability, self-discipline and achievement-orientation of an individual (Costa McCrae, 2008). It was found to have the most impact on employment efficiency (Barrick Mount, 1991) as it comprises traits such as perseverance , responsibility, diligence, meticulousnessRead MoreExecutive Summary : Partex Star Group1370 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesand FMCG products. They have started expanding the business in India and Singapore as well. The leadership assessment of Md. Quamruzzaman, COO and AKM Tariqul Islam, Head of Human Resources revealed their concern to change leadership structure in the organization. Their goal is to develop exemplary leaders in the organization and adopt the finest leadership culture. The purposes of this report are to address the current leadership style within the organization compared it with the rest of the industryRead MoreIntegrative Assessment Proposal And Budget Essay2112 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pages Integrative Assessment Proposal and Budget Jaclyn Stapleton Psyc 6123 Yorkville University Abstract In the proposal I will be outlining is Scenario C working as a counselor in a High School to assess students for learning difficulties, behavioral problems and assisting with career planning. In this proposal I will be summarizing the development for proposing assessment tools for student within the High School (Age 12-18 years old). Within the proposal
Thursday, May 14, 2020
History of the Nature-Nurture Controversy: 20th Century-Present Mary Truong University of Regina The nature-nurture controversy is an age-old dispute that has been debated since at least the time of Hippocrates (460-377 B.C.E). According to the nature stance, who we are as individuals, that is, our physical characteristics, personality, intelligence, and how we behave, is biologically inherited, now known through our genetics. Hippocrates for instance, posited that human behaviour was linked to our bodily fluids, which he referred to as humors. Four personality types were identified that were related to four humors: choleric, or yellow bile was associated with being hot-tempered; sanguine or blood to confidence;Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Galton was greatly influenced by DarwinÃ¢â¬â¢s theory of evolution and natural selection. At the time, it was believed that selection could be used to eliminate society of a host of undesirable traits. Heredity however, was understood differently as most scientists of the time believed that the impact of environment was directly transmitte d to offspring. Immorality and illness was thus understood to be inherited the same way as eye or hair color. This also meant that if potential parents developed good health and habits, these too would be passed down to the next generation (Fischer, 2012). With all this mind, Galton defined eugenics (from the Greek, good birth) to mean Ã¢â¬Ëthe science of improving the inherited stock of a population, not only by judicious matings, but by all other meansÃ¢â¬â¢ (Galton, 2005). Galton frequently wrote about breeding, emphasizing the idea that humanity could improve itself by putting the same effort into our own breeding that was put into breeding livestock. This idea, together with the 1900 rediscovery of MendelÃ¢â¬â¢s hereditary experiments fueled the eugenics movement that took place in the early 20th century. GaltonÃ¢â¬â¢s word and concept spread rapidly in the early 20th century. The Eugenics Education Society was founded in London, England in 1907 and annual International Eugenics Conferences were held since 1912, attracting luminaries such as Winston Churchill. CanadaÃ¢â¬â¢s own Tommy Douglas was also aShow MoreRelatedThe Meaning of Nature and Nurture in Psychology Essay1192 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Meaning of Nature and Nurture in Psychology The nature nurture dichotomy is a theme always present in many areas of psychology. But is it right to talk about it as a dichotomy? , Certainly not. To say so would be like stating that they never act together, that they are contradictory and exclusive oneRead MoreRaising Children in a Homosexual Household Does it affect them? 1639 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesoneÃ¢â¬â¢s sexual preference, but how well one takes care of that child emotionally, physically, financially, and mentally. Before the 20th, century children were often seen as miniature versions of adults so there was little consideration to children development in cognitive and physical development. The interest of child development did not peak until the early 20th century. Conscientious parenting happens not only within traditional nuclear families, but also within homosexual families. Both traditionalRead MoreThai Elephants and Its Significant to Thai Culture and History2061 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagessignificant to Thai Culture and History The elephant, the giant size animal with enormous power and gentle heart, is a living creature that have special place in ThaiÃ¢â¬â¢s heart. It has been the icon of Thai tradition, culture and royal power through centuries since the old Siam. The thousand and thousand years of relationship between Thai people and elephants are even recorded and can be found abundantly on the pages of ThaiÃ¢â¬â¢s historical book. Because of their long association, it surely can be said thatRead MoreThe Roots Of The American Revolution3085 Words Ã |Ã 13 PagesAmericans; that is, amidst the American Revolution. It was during that time when the colonists residing in the thirteen British-established colonies came to the startling decision to break away from their mother countryÃ¢â¬âGreat Britain, whose gracious nurture and aid for the colonists became stifling tyranny and injusticeÃ¢â¬âthat a new belief flowered within their hearts. In the Declaration of Independence, the nationÃ¢â¬â¢s Fo unding Fathers claimed that, should a government be incapable of protecting the naturalRead MoreWhat is Cognitive Development Theory?1823 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesConstructivism will always be present. 3. The influences of society will always limit the growth of a persons cognitive development. Over the years cognitive development has been linked to many controversies, the largest of these is the debate of nature vs. nurture. The question debated was whether or not a persons cognitive development is influenced more by their genetics (nature) or through real life experiences (nurture), this debate lasted through most of the 20th century. Fortunately, this argumentRead MoreEugenics : Past Shames, Future Hopes2185 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesaddition to its fascinating, and vastly growing, advancements in the area of eugenics. The imminent debates resulting from the conflicting moral and ethical implications arising from the inception, development and evolution of eugenics past and present are of interest. A.R.T. (assisted reproductive technology) is in competition for this main point position as it relates to the general public s growing interest and possible dependency on this process to guarantee desired result choices (medical/nonmedical)Read MoreEnvironmental Ethics4554 Words Ã |Ã 19 Pagesneglecting any other life form, which is called Speciesism. Spinoza came up with the limitations of Anthropocentrism. He argued that the utility of things assessed by human beings as useful might not be totally accurate. He says that all the things present in the universe have a unique value. A latest view developed implies that human purpose is a safe and secure propagation and they are central because only they will be able to survive even after the duration of the sun. Stakeholders involved in theRead MoreEssay on Fundamentalism and Inerrancy of Scripture5400 Words Ã |Ã 22 PagesInerrancy as an Issue in the Fundamentalist Movement: 1900 to the Present. A Paper Submitted to Dr. Homer Massey In Partial Fulfillment Of the Requirements for the Course History of Christianity II CHHI 525 By, Johnny walker INERRANCY OF THE SCRIPTURES Outline Fundamentalism is a type of religious reaction to all forms of modernity. Within Christianity this phenomenon is mostly characteristicRead MoreThe Importance of Demography to Development11868 Words Ã |Ã 48 Pagespeople in general. It is a social science involving the study of the social lives of people, groups, and societies, sometimes defined as the study of social interactions. It is a relatively new academic discipline which evolved in the early 19th century. Because sociology is such a broad discipline, it can be difficult to define, even for professional sociologists. One useful way to describe the discipline is as a cluster of sub-fields that examine different dimensions of society. For example, socialRead MoreSantrock Edpsych Ch0218723 Words Ã |Ã 75 PagesVygotskyÃ¢â¬â¢s Theory CaseÃ¢â¬â¢s Neo-Piagetian Theory How Language Develops 02-EdPsy-Chap02-6123 8/22/06 3:33 PM Page 33 N o bubble is so iridescent or floats longer than that blown by the successful teacher. Sir William Osler Canadian Physician, 20th Century Teaching Stories: Debra Bankay Debra Bankay is an elementary-school teacher who, wanted students to use their research skills to learn prior to her certification in Ontario, taught at a private about the Fathers of Confederation. I also wanted
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Egoism can be described as the theory of solely acting towards the advancement and good of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own self, without any other causes for action. While egoism has been interpreted differently throughout history, the two variants of egoism conceived by Thomas Hobbes and Immanuel Kant are widely considered today to be theoretically bound and consistent. The egoism, described by Hobbes, conceives egoism as a fully psychological motive that is within the minds of all human beings, who think only of their own goals and interests and never of anyone else. On the other hand, the more standard or ethical variant, supported by Immanuel Kant, proposes that people should be motivated to a certain extent, regardless of the factors that currentlyÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦According to Thomas Hobbes, the human soul is comprised of three key parts. The first being that there is no end to oneÃ¢â¬â¢s restless desire for power; the second being that there are inherent differences in certai n strengths and passions that hinder individuals to use intellect to settle value disputes; the last being that all desire is relative and without a hierarchy of value. So, to the question, Ã¢â¬Å"Why canÃ¢â¬â¢t human beings just achieve happiness and settle?Ã¢â¬ , Hobbes describes this inability to satisfy oneself with the apparent egoism within each individual. For instance, Hobbes states within the Leviathan that men have the right to all things. Ã¢â¬Å"The liberty each man has to use his own power for the preservation of his own nature, of his own life, and of doing anything, in his own judgment he should conceive to be the aptest means theretoÃ¢â¬ (Hobbes, Leviathan, XIV, 8). Here, he supports his theory on egoism by stating that every man has the power to maintain his respective life and thus will use the power for his own preservation of his power to reach his desires to the highest degree possible. An example of a person that could be argued to highlight this certain attribute of power that derives from egoism would be a self-driven politician. A politician who always vies for a higher political standing exudes a sense of psychological egoism that pertains to the drive to gain power for his ownShow MoreRelatedTest Bank For Ethics For The Information Age 5th Edition Mike Quinn4321 Words Ã |Ã 18 Pagestheory is an example of a) relativism. b) objectivism. c) egoism. d) existentialism. e) materialism. 48. Which of the following is an argument in favor of the divine command theory? a) The divine command theory is not based on reason. b) It is fallacious to equate Ã¢â¬Å"the goodÃ¢â¬ with Ã¢â¬Å"God.Ã¢â¬ c) God is all-knowing. d) Some moral problems are not addressed directly in scripture. e) The Bible has contradictory moral teachings. 49. Ethical egoism is a) not based on reason or logic. b) based on determiningRead MoreEthics And The Principles Of Ethics1608 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthe outcome. Utilitarianism is the opposite of egoism where the action is driven solely by self-interest. There are two main derivatives of utilitarianism; act utilitarianism which is based on outcomes of individual actions, and rule utilitarianism which focuses more on the outcomes in general of the types of actions. Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill were both instrumental in developing the utilitarian theories (Nathanson, 2015). Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau are theRead MoreThe Supreme Court Of Virginia3442 Words Ã |Ã 14 Pagesunveiling these necessary building blocks: the religious and the secular. Religious theories of moral reasoning hold that there is one Ã¢â¬Å"goodÃ¢â¬ and one standard of rightness. This belief is based on the existence of a Higher Authority. For example, Thomas Aquinas argued that the lex aeterna (eternal law) was God s plan for the universe conceived by divine reason, that the lex divina (divine law) was the revelation of the lex aeterna in the Scriptures, and that the lex naturalis (natural law) was theRead MoreEthc-445 Principles of Ethics Final Exam Answers1948 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pageswith each description below. 1. (TCOs 2, 4, 5, 6) The idea that the assisted suicide of terminally ill patients should be allowed simply at the patientÃ¢â¬â¢s direction reflects what type of ethics? (Points : 5) HobbesÃ¢â¬â¢ State of Nature RandÃ¢â¬â¢s Objectivism AristotleÃ¢â¬â¢s concept of Virtue Thomas AquinasÃ¢â¬â¢ concept of conscience SocratesÃ¢â¬â¢ concept of excellence 2. (TCOs 1, 2, 7) What is the moral ideal of temperance? (Points : 5) Exercising control over oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own desires and inclinations Keeping oneÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MoreBranches of Philosophy8343 Words Ã |Ã 34 Pages and its relation to various political systems. In this period the crucial features of the philosophical method were established: a critical approach to received or established views, and the appeal to reason and argumentation. [pic] [pic] St. Thomas Aquinas  Medieval philosophy (c. A.D. 500Ã¢â¬âc. 1350) Main article: Medieval philosophy Medieval philosophy is the philosophy of Western Europe and the Middle East during what is now known as the medieval era or the Middle Ages, roughly extendingRead MoreMilitary Service Is The Duty Of All Citizens Of A State1768 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"present ruin of ItalyÃ¢â¬ as Ã¢â¬Å" caused by nothing else but the reliance placed on mercenary troops for so many yearsÃ¢â¬ . He goes on to argue that Ã¢â¬Å"a republic which has its own citizen army is far less likely to be subjugated by one of its own citizensÃ¢â¬ . Immanuel Kant furthered this argument in his liberalist writings, particularly Perpetual Peace (1795) and Doctrine of Right (1797). He saw the citizen militia system Ã¢â¬Å"as the ideal defense system of democraciesÃ¢â¬ because they Ã¢â¬Å"make it more improbable that war-proneRead MoreThe Legal, Ethical, And Social Responsibility Ramifications Of Anheuser Busch Inbev s Beer Products4850 Words Ã |Ã 20 PagesAnalysis The Kantian ethical theory does not agree with the utilitarian ethical theory. Immanuel KantÃ¢â¬â¢s theory is based on deontological moral theory which says that Ã¢â¬Å"the rightness or wrongness of actions does not depend on their consequencesÃ¢â¬ but on whether they fulfill the principle of duty or the basic moral principles (Jackson, 2013). KantÃ¢â¬â¢s basic moral principle is called Ã¢â¬Å"categorical imperative.Ã¢â¬ For Kant, there is an unconditional command and all of morality depended on it (Hinman, 2012). ThereRead MoreWewewewewe6226 Words Ã |Ã 25 Pagescommitted, of course Ã¢â¬â then, conveniently, what they are doing has no relevance to what we ought to do. A famous story is told about Thomas Hobbes, the 17th-century English philosopher, who argued that we all act in our own interests. On seeing him give alms to a beggar, a cleric asked Hobbes if he would have done this if Christ had not commanded us to do so. Yes, Hobbes replied, he was in pain to see the miserable condition of the old man, and his gift, by providing the man with some relief from thatRead MoreSources of Ethics20199 Words Ã |Ã 81 Pages3- PHILOSOPHICAL: 55 2.31- Contribution Of In Ethics By The Source Of Philosophical Systems: 55 2.32- Contribution of Aristotle: 57 2.33- Contributions By Other Important Philosophers: 58 2.34- Rights Theory: 64 2.35- Contribution By KANT: 65 2.36- Contribution By ROSS: 66 2.4- CULTURAL: 68 2.5- LEGAL SYSTEM: 71 2.6- CODES OF ETHICS: 74 2.61- Company Codes: 74 Code of ethics (corporate or business ethics) 74 code of ethics(business of ethics) 75 Code of conduct
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss the importance of attitude in relation to behavior at the individual level, group level and organizational level. Answer: Introduction: As emphasized by P. Robins Organizational behavior is a field of study that investigates the impact that individuals, groups and organizational structure have on behavior within the organization, for the purpose of applying such knowledge towards improving an organizational effectiveness. In order to run the entire process of business by maintaining business sustainability the significance of organizational behavior is undeniable. Numerous eminent scholars have provided their own opinion regarding the overall concept of organizational behavior. As per the point of view of some of the contemporary scholars every organization has to follow a proper culture and discipline in order to maintain the rhythmic flow of business. Kehoe and Wrigh (2013) opined that while maintaining individual performance employees have to maintain an effective communication with each other. Employees are from different cultural and religious backgrounds and attitudes. While taking a particular business decisio n the business managers have to face numerous psychological barriers. Consequently the business managers have to face innumerable difficulties in making an effective decision regarding the business goal. This specific study has focused to make an in-depth analysis on how attitude leaves a major impact on the overall performance level of an individual, group as well as of an organization. Based on the job satisfaction level of an individual the attitude and dedication level towards the organizational services vary. Discussion: As per the point of view of Mowday, Porter and Steers (2013) the performance level of an individual is highly dependent on the co-operation and support of business managers with the help of which a particular organizational employee gains the confidence of meeting the business target within proper time. It has been observed that large number of business managers within a specific organization do not intend to communicate with the employees properly due to linguistic barrier, cultural barrier or psychological barriers. As a result, those employees who fail to communicate with the organizational managers properly for language barrier have to face innumerable difficulties in performing well for reaching the business target. Business managers with the help of participative form of leadership style should focus on communicating with the employees in such a way that the employees do not have to face difficulties in sharing their problems and challenges facing at the workplace. As per the o pinion of Kark and Shamir (2013), business managers within the organization intend to use autocratic form of leadership style. With the help of autocratic form of leadership style organizational managers intend to impose their own decision on the employees. As a result, employees get least opportunity in sharing their own opinion regarding the improvement of business process. Due to the lack of co-operation from business experts employees fail to get proper support and motivation in performing well. The lack of employee motivation is one of the most effective reasons of being dissatisfied towards the performances. If the employees fail to get job satisfaction the rate of employee turnover increases. At the same time, employees do not intend to maintain organizational behavior. The communication gap between the business managers and the employees increases automatically. In this kind of situation, business managers automatically fail to maintain the systematic flow of business. As emphasized by Sallis, Owen and Fisher (2015) the attitude of an individual business manager is highly important in maintaining the rhythmic flow of business. In some of the cases, it has been observed that due to the lack of personality and management skill the business managers fail to keep a constant control over the entire process of business. In addition, organizational behavior leaves a major impact on overall all performance level of group as well. Shin, Taylor and Seo (2012) opined that group discussion is highly effective for sharing necessary knowledge and information regarding the business. Before changing a particular business strategy and policy organizations always intend to make an effective group discussion by involving employees for getting collective information. This specific scholar believes that group performance is more significant than the individual one. With the help of an effective group performance the employees as well as the manager get the scope to exchange thoughts and ideas regarding the business strategies and policies. The ideal attitude of a business manager should be keeping trust on the group members at workplace. Managers with the help of democratic form of leadership style make an effective session where employees are allowed to share their own opinion regarding the business goal. With th e equal co-operation of both the managers and the employees the organization gains image and reputation for performing well. If the managers and the employees are able to maintain a business project in a collaborative way the entire process of organizational behavior is automatically maintained. Therefore, this specific study has focused to make an in-depth analysis about the importance of collaboration among the team members in order to achieve the success of business. Hsiung (2012) opined that large number of business organizations is there where the organizational managers do not keep a trust on the overall employee performance. Therefore, before taking any particular business decision the organizational managers do not wait for taking the decision from employees. In this kind of situation, the employees show their extreme level of reluctance in performing well for gaining organizational image and reputation. In order to overcome this barrier various eminent scholars have provided numerous solutions. The business managers can deal with the organizational employees in such a way that employees get the scope of participating in group discussion. As emphasized by Avey, Wernsing and Palanski (2012), it is undeniable that the entire success of a business organization is highly dependent on the performance level of employees. Therefore, the primary responsibility of managers is to make a good rapport with every individual. However, this specific study has focused to make an in-depth overview on how the group involvement is highly effective in maintaining organizational behavior. At the same time, it is also undeniable that group involvement encourages every single employee in meeting business target as well as maintaining organizational discipline. The importance of attitude and organizational behavior in organizational level is also very important. In order to perform well towards the business service the organizational managers should have a commitment with the employees. While dealing with the employees belonging to different geographical boundaries and culture the business experts have to focus on maintaining some ethics, values and culture. They need to treat every employee with equal respect and dignity. DiPaola and Tschannen-Moran (2014) stated that employees should be judged as per their performance level rather than their skills and talents. At the same time, if any individual employee is not flexible enough in making effective communication the business managers should provide proper training and development session to that individual. This particular training and development session would be helpful for enhancing the performance level of an employee. Therefore, the business managers would be able to make effective co mmunication (Vaccaro et al. 2012). After evaluating the entire study about the importance of attitude in relation to behavior at the individual level, group level and organizational level it can be stated that employee performance is highly dependent overall structure and culture of a particular organization. Therefore, employees should be motivated at the workplace. Automatically organizational behavior as well as culture would be maintained. The overarching concept of Organizational citizenship behavior represents an employees volunteer commitment apart from going the contractual allocation. As stated by Schaubroeck et al. (2012), an individual employee tends to show interest in taking overburden of an organization only when they will get additional benefits and facilities from the employers. It has been observed that large number of business organizations tend to implement reward and recognition policy for appreciating the endeavor of employees. In addition, the business organizations intend to provide additional bonus and incentives to the employees for motivating themselves in giving additional effort (Bissing?Olson et al. 2013). This particular organizational strategy is highly effective in maintaining organizational behavior. At the same time, it is undeniable that organizational behavior is maintained at the workplace only when employees get motivated towards the performances. Conclusion: This specific study has focused to evaluate critically about the importance of attitude in relation to behavior at the individual level, group level and organizational level. In last five years, it has been observed that business organizations are unable to maintain an effective employee relation as well as organizational behavior. Communication barrier, psychological barriers, cultural barriers are the specific reasons due to which business managers face difficulties in making a rapport with the employees. This particular study has critically evaluated on how individual, group as well as organizational factors leave a major impact on maintaining the organizational behavior. The importance of attitude of business managers is having major significance in making rapport with business employees. Numerous eminent scholars have been chosen who have provided their own point of view regarding the impact of attitude in maintaining organizational behavior. The arguments of the eminent scholar s have been critically analyzed. Reference List: Avey, J.B., Wernsing, T.S. and Palanski, M.E., 2012. Exploring the process of ethical leadership: The mediating role of employee voice and psychological ownership.Journal of Business Ethics,107(1), pp.21-34. Bissing?Olson, M.J., Iyer, A., Fielding, K.S. and Zacher, H., 2013. Relationships between daily affect and pro?environmental behavior at work: The moderating role of pro?environmental attitude.Journal of Organizational Behavior,34(2), pp.156-175. DiPaola, M. and Tschannen-Moran, M., 2014. Organizational citizenship behavior in schools and its relationship to school climate.Journal of School Leadership,11(5), pp.424-447. Hsiung, H.H., 2012. Authentic leadership and employee voice behavior: A multi-level psychological process.Journal of business ethics,107(3), pp.349-361. Kark, R. and Shamir, B., 2013. The dual effect of transformational leadership: Priming relational and collective selves and further effects on followers. InTransformational and Charismatic Leadership: The Road Ahead 10th Anniversary Edition(pp. 77-101). Emerald Group Publishing Limited. Kehoe, R.R. and Wright, P.M., 2013. The impact of high-performance human resource practices on employees attitudes and behaviors.Journal of management,39(2), pp.366-391. Mowday, R.T., Porter, L.W. and Steers, R.M., 2013.Employeeorganization linkages: The psychology of commitment, absenteeism, and turnover. Academic press. Sallis, J.F., Owen, N. and Fisher, E., 2015. Ecological models of health behavior.Health behavior: theory, research, and practice. 5th ed. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, pp.43-64. Schaubroeck, J.M., Hannah, S.T., Avolio, B.J., Kozlowski, S.W., Lord, R.G., Trevio, L.K., Dimotakis, N. and Peng, A.C., 2012. Embedding ethical leadership within and across organization levels.Academy of Management Journal,55(5), pp.1053-1078. Shin, J., Taylor, M.S. and Seo, M.G., 2012. Resources for change: The relationships of organizational inducements and psychological resilience to employees' attitudes and behaviors toward organizational change.Academy of Management Journal,55(3), pp.727-748. Vaccaro, I.G., Jansen, J.J., Van Den Bosch, F.A. and Volberda, H.W., 2012. Management innovation and leadership: The moderating role of organizational size.Journal of Management Studies,49(1), pp.28-51. Zhu, W., Sosik, J.J., Riggio, R.E. and Yang, B., 2012. Relationships between transformational and active transactional leadership and followers' organizational identification: The role of psychological empowerment.Journal of Behavioral and Applied Management,13(3), p.186.
Friday, April 10, 2020
Yakult was introduced to the Philippines in 1978. Its popularity among Filipinos has significantly grown in the past 33 years. There are two main companies in the Philippines, the Yakult Philippines Incorporated (YPI) and Yakult Marketing Corporation (YMC). We will write a custom essay sample on Sales and Inventory Systems or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Yakult Philippines Incorporated (YPI), an independent company, is a manufacturer and wholesale retailer of Yakult products from Yakult Honsha Co. LTD Japan with a joint venture and shares of investment of 60% for Filipinos and 40% for the Japanese investors. The factory is located in Barrio Makiling, Calamba, Laguna. They have twenty-five distributors from Luzon to Mindanao, supplying the whole country especially wholesale clients. The Yakult Marketing Corporation (YMC) retails their products and incorporates the Yakult Lady System that started in Metro Manila and NCR, then adapted by distributors all over the country. The Prohealth Sales Distributor Corporation which is the exclusive Yakult distributor in La Union started its operation in March 15, 2004. The Company orders its stocks from the Yakult Philippines Incorporated (YPI) and also adapted the Yakult Lady system of the Yakult Marketing Corporation (YMC). There are three branches in La Union and the Main Office is located in Bauang, La Union. The other branches are in Agoo which started in 2005 and Bangar that recently opened last 2011. The Main office receives the stocks ordered from YPI, and then distributes it to the other two branches. For the wholesale, the main office sells the product to all establishments that intend to resell the product. They deliver the products depending on the order or demand of the client. Every day, the main office deliver stocks to the Yakult Ladies, some just go directly to the main office to pay the stocks unpaid so that they can order again. There is an official receipt issued by the main office to the Yakult Ladies that is being manually recorded in order to make the daily sales and collection report at the end of the day. Making the sales report for the Yakult Ladies is a part of the motivational factor, for them to know how much they profit or loss of income and why their sales are going down. It will also become the basis of the company for how much promotional support they will give on the month of December in terms of gifts and other benefits. All the three branches make the daily sales report, the branch in Agoo and Bangar upload and send its reports in the main office in order to be compiled in the Main office. The sales report is made by the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s secretary, and then thoroughly checked y the supervisor. The computation of the sales report is made in order to compute the sales and profit of the company. The inventory count of stocks must tally onto the sales report in order for the company to monitor the number of stocks distributed day by day. If the sales report and inventory count did not tally, then the processes must be repeated until they meet tally. Hence, the study was propose d to help the processes in Prohealth Distributor Sales Corporation easier, faster and to refrain from human error. Due to growing number of employees, the sale monitoring system if done manually was a lot to handle and time consuming. They need a computerized sales monitoring and inventory system that will make the computation tasks faster. Aside from its accuracy, the proposed system also aims to enhance and provide a better way to store information in a secured manner. The study will be implemented first in the Main Office of the Prohealth Sales Distributor Corporation La Union in order to pilot test the system software being proposed.
Monday, March 9, 2020
For my Psychology portfolio I chose to present the movie Ed Gein. This movie is a psychological thriller based on the life of AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s first famous serial killer. Ed Gein, a reclusive farmer who was convicted for necrophila, cannibalism, and murder is a unique story. The fact that Ed GeinÃ¢â¬â¢s below average childhood evolved a deranged murderer declared criminally insane was very interesting. After watching Ed Gein I was propelled to understand the psychosis behind this man and his true story. Born at the turn of the century into the small farming community of Plainfield, Wisconsin, Gein lived a repressive and solitary life on the family homestead with a weak, ineffectual older brother and domineering mother who taught him from an early age that sex, women, and anything impure was a sinful thing abominable to God. One time when Augusta, his mother, viciously beat him with a belt because he was caught masturbating. Despite tongue-lashings and the overt physical abuse, Gein adored his mother. He called her a devout Christian woman and a saint. He had little adoration for his father who was unattached, verbally abusive man to the entire family. Shortly after the death of his father, Gein killed his brother out of rage and utter disgust when he called their mother a brute hag. His mother died unknowing of this fact one year later. She left her son a thirty-nine-year-old bachelor, still emotionally enslaved to the tyranny his parents contributed to his life. Ed ran the family's 160-acre farm by himself. He was alone for the first time. Physically speaking, Gein was an average man with a regular build, brown hair and light eyes. He was simply seen as a shy, harmless and eccentric farmer. Some residents considered him Ã¢â¬Å"safeÃ¢â¬ enough to baby-sit their kids. However, he still missed his family and in his solitude, Gein began to withdraw from reality. Cognition was adequate and working in this man. He had the ability to ... Free Essays on Ed Gein Free Essays on Ed Gein For my Psychology portfolio I chose to present the movie Ed Gein. This movie is a psychological thriller based on the life of AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s first famous serial killer. Ed Gein, a reclusive farmer who was convicted for necrophila, cannibalism, and murder is a unique story. The fact that Ed GeinÃ¢â¬â¢s below average childhood evolved a deranged murderer declared criminally insane was very interesting. After watching Ed Gein I was propelled to understand the psychosis behind this man and his true story. Born at the turn of the century into the small farming community of Plainfield, Wisconsin, Gein lived a repressive and solitary life on the family homestead with a weak, ineffectual older brother and domineering mother who taught him from an early age that sex, women, and anything impure was a sinful thing abominable to God. One time when Augusta, his mother, viciously beat him with a belt because he was caught masturbating. Despite tongue-lashings and the overt physical abuse, Gein adored his mother. He called her a devout Christian woman and a saint. He had little adoration for his father who was unattached, verbally abusive man to the entire family. Shortly after the death of his father, Gein killed his brother out of rage and utter disgust when he called their mother a brute hag. His mother died unknowing of this fact one year later. She left her son a thirty-nine-year-old bachelor, still emotionally enslaved to the tyranny his parents contributed to his life. Ed ran the family's 160-acre farm by himself. He was alone for the first time. Physically speaking, Gein was an average man with a regular build, brown hair and light eyes. He was simply seen as a shy, harmless and eccentric farmer. Some residents considered him Ã¢â¬Å"safeÃ¢â¬ enough to baby-sit their kids. However, he still missed his family and in his solitude, Gein began to withdraw from reality. Cognition was adequate and working in this man. He had the ability to ...
Saturday, February 22, 2020
Work Based Learning in the Creative and Cultural Industries - Assignment Example The information that is being given to the public continues to be announced, specifically with a relation to updates about the flu, how it is spreading and what an individual can do for prevention and treatment (Flu.Gov). The main concepts that are associated with the swine flu, even though it is based on prevention and treatment, has led to further questions about the attitudes toward this epidemic. It has been found that the swine flu outbreak is one that is not only based on health and prevention. Instead, the media has created a further epidemic through the amount of knowledge that they have received as well as through the hype that has been created around the flu. The limited evidence, knowledge and the idea of the risk where millions will die has created a different culture and attitude surrounding the swine flu. The influence of the media is one that has altered the understanding and legitimacy of the flu and has created a different culture related to the vaccinations and seriousness surrounding this virus (Goldacre, 2009). To find the true beliefs of culture and society about the swine flu, as well as the impact of the media, I have interviewed a variety of individuals. The questions asked relate to the legitimacy of the flu as well as the information and understanding of what is a part of this epidemic. The results show that, there is a cultural and societal understanding of the flu, not only based on the facts about the swine flu, but also from the influence of the media and the hype that is surrounding this specific flu. From the work place to homes, is an epidemic that is not only based on the flu, but also is related to the culture and expectations that are surrounding